Afşin-Elbistan Coal Power Plants Report: Changing climate rather than producing electricity!

Climate and Energy Consultant and founder of 350Ankara.org Önder Algedik has published a new report on Afşin- Elbistan coal reserve and power plants. The report analyses role of Afşin-Elbistan reserve and explains role in changing climate rather than producing electricity.

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For the report, click here.

In order to strengthen high carbon policy, Turkey has been looking for development of new project on government owned Afşin-Elbistan C, D and E sites while working on permission to other mine areas of private sector for power plant investments. The report identifies problems of high carbon policies in the light of Afşin-Elbistan lignite reserve;

  • In 2005, the exploration works have been re-started as a sign of the acceleration in the return of Turkey to coal use.
  • As a consequence of exploration work, lignite reserve increased to 4,8 billion tons in the area. In other words, Afşin-Elbistan basin has one third of the coal reserves of Turkey.
  • Till 2015, Plant A and Plant B burned 405 million tons of coal in order to produce 173,3 million MWh electricity by emitting 200 million tons of carbon dioxide.
  • Taking into consideration that the annual operation period of thermal plants is about 8000 hours, it is seen that the average operational period of 8 units of 2 plants is very low and has been 2422 hours in 2012.

The report also shows difficulty of keeping the global temperature raise under 20C in case of burning remaining coal reserve. Although scientific reports shows that 80% of worlds known reserve should stay in the ground, the report demonstrates that burning remaining reserve of Afşin-Elbistan area would cause emitting 2,4 billion tons of carbon dioxide.

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Financing Coal

Turkey’s coal based energy policies threatens G20 and UNFCCC discussions

Climate and Energy Consultant and founder of 350Ankara.org; Önder Algedik has published a new report called Financing Coal: High Carbon Arithmetic of Turkey in the year of G20 Presidency of Turkey and UNFCCC Paris talks. The report explores Turkish coal sector including finance mechanisms that supports high carbon dynamics of Turkish energy sector. According to report, with current energy policies, Turkey will emit more greenhouse gas from electricity sector after completing coal power plants on the pipeline.

Writer of the report; Onder Algedik summarizes that “Although we are globally discussing abandoning coal in the eve of UNFCCC Paris and Turkey included fossil fuel subsidies and climate financing topics in G20 agenda, Turkey continues developing privileges for coal usage and planning to release more GHG emissions by usage of more domestic and global coal reserves”

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Fossil Fuel usage increasing faster than energy demand;

In terms of fossil fuels, report shows that, fossil fuel usage is accelerating faster than energy demand in Turkey:

  • Fossil fuel usage increased 152%, despite %128 total primary energy increase between 1990-2012.
  • Turkey’s high carbon policies increased share of fossil fuel from %81.5 in 1990 to %89.9 in 2012.

 Usage of coal in electricity sector is increasing and boosting GHC emissions of Turkey;

While the greenhouse gas emissions of Turkey has increased 133.4% between 1990-2012, the emission produced by the combustion of coal at thermal power plants has increased 219%. Moreover; If Turkey commissions the plants included in the portfolio; the coal-sourced carbon dioxide emission, which was 21,5 million tons in 1990, 68,7 million tons in 2012, is expected to reach 200 million tons (which is almost half of Turkey’s 2012 GHG emissions).

Moreover, Turkey provides more incentives for coal investments and developing new coal finance mechanisms. As a result; crediting coal investments are increasing and boosting GHC emissions of the country. Report concludes that up to now; national banks provided 4,3 Billon dollar credit to 4.7 GW of coal power plants by securing investment and supporting policies. These credits will be increased by realization of 20 GW of coal power plant.

Carbon Leakage through Coal!

Report shows that Turkey’s energy policies based on coal leads the extraction of more domestic and some global coal reserves.

  • Between 1990 and 2012, Turkey’s domestic coal usage doubled while coal import increased 5 times.
  • If the current coal plans are realized, Every 3 MW of 4 MW new capacities will use exported coal in Turkey.

Current data shows that; alongside the extraction of national coal reserves, Turkey is becoming an address of carbon leakage day by day through imported coal. Coal import from South Africa, Australia, USA, China and Canada, and mainly Russia has been increased drastically and will increase with current coal based energy policies.

Full version of the report can be downloaded through this link.

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Climate Negotiations Without Turkey?

“We have to ask ourselves ‘Why is Turkey becoming more carbon intensive while the technology provides more service with less energy?’ Turkey’s dismal climate scoreboard is best understood by the Turkish economy’s heavy dependence on industries with high carbon emissions.”

Turkish Policy Quarterly, Summer 2014

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Effectively tackling climate change requires strong, wide-spread agreement and high-level policy measures on a global scale. In contrast to the former high carbon economy paradigm, the new era is defined by the de-carbonization of economic activities. In this context, however, Turkey still functions within the old paradigm. Although Turkey is now experiencing extreme climate events more than ever, it has continued to promote carbon-intense growth policies. Compounding the detrimental effects of these national policies, Turkey is also not a visible player in international climate negations. Turkey’s contribution to the new international agreement scheduled to be adopted in Paris in 2015 is critical.

to read full article, click here; Climate Negotiations Without Turkey?

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Monitoring report on Turkey’s Climate Change Action Plan released.

In 2011, Turkey released Climate Change Action Plan, CCAP. Climate Change Action Plan is a unique plan that Turkey has. The plan does not have any greenhouse gas reduction or limitation target. CCAP covers actions in energy, buildings, industry, transportation, waste, agriculture, land use, forestry and adaptation between the year 2011 and 2023.

Climate Change Action Plan Assessment Report monitors actions and targets since release of the CCAP. Assessment Report connects relations between actions/targets and climate change policies as well as provides data about progress. Main findings of the report would be summarized as below:

  • The CCAP is not transparent and open to public in terms of actions and progress and proceeds closed to participation.
  • A portion of the actions consist of work that already had to be realized as a result of legislation or practices prior to the CCAP.
  • Some of the actions have already been completed before the CCAP.
  • Actions pertaining to the use of fossil fuels that are dangerous in terms of climate change exist in the CCAP while some actions on the other hand will cause the delay of main actions.
  • Whatever the qualities of greenhouse gas emissions reduction actions; a relation between the problem area and solutions have not been established.
  • There are 86 actions that are envisaged to be completed until 2013 in terms of climate change. Whereas, according to report, some of actions are not completed, delayed or still in progress.

CCAP coverpage

The report is written by Önder Algedik on behalf of Tüvik-Der (Association of the Protection of Consumer and Climate) and supported by Heinrich Böll Stiftung Turkey Representation.

Please click here to see full report in English.

Please click here to see full report in Turkish.

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